The renal artery is the blood vessels supplying the kidneys on each side. The disease of the renal arteries occurs primarily due to atherosclerosis. In young females, fibromuscular dysplasia is a prominent cause of renal artery stenosis. Blockages of the renal arteries result in damage and shrinkage of kidneys, increased blood pressure with the destabilization of heart function.
Some of the indications of intervention in the renal artery include:
- Uncontrolled Blood pressure > 140/90 mmHg despite maximum doses of 3 blood pressure medications
- Rapidly progressive loss of renal function
- Flash pulmonary oedema
- Acute Coronary Syndrom