Diabetic Foot

Long standing Diabetes Mellitus causes damage to feet in multiple ways. This makes management of diabetic foot infection complex.
The nature of damages are as follows
1. Blood vessel damage
Diabetes damages the smaller blood vessels in the lower leg and foot by making them hard with lot of calcium deposits leading to blockages and reduced blood flow in the foot. This leads to wounds which do not heal and gangrene in the foot.
2. Nerve Damage
Damage to nerves in the leg and foot lead to a variety of problems. Reduced touch / pressure / pain sensation leads to injury which goes unnoticed and worsens. This often leads to changes in the walking pattern and formation of calluses and sores and ultimately wounds. Loss of sensation also results in difficulty in wearing foot wear and walking as balance gets affected.
Diabetic Foot Care Hospital in Bangalore
3. Infection
Diabetics are prone for infections if blood sugar control is not well maintained. Infections happen due to bacteria and fungal elements and often damage becomes extensive till people seek help as pain is typically not much due to nerve damage.
Managing Diabetic foot problems require resolving multiple issues starting with control of systemic diseases like high blood pressure, high sugars, heart and kidney disease followed by local problems like blood vessel damage and infections and wounds.

Tips to maintain healthy feet:

Keep The Skin Soft and Smooth

  • Rub a thin coat of skin lotion, cream, or petroleum jelly on the top and bottom of your feet.

Check Your Feet Every Day

  • Check your feet for cuts, sores, red spots, swelling, and infected toenails. Find a time (evening is best) to check your feet each day. Make checking your feet part of your everyday routine.
  • If you have trouble bending over to see your feet, use a plastic mirror to help.

Wash Your Feet Every Day

  • Wash your feet in lukewarm, not hot water. Do not soak your feet for a long time because your skin will get dry afterward.
  • Before bathing test the water to make sure it is not too hot. You can use a thermometer (90° to 95° F is safe) or your elbow never your feet.
  • Dry your feet well. Be sure to dry between your toes.
  • Do not pour hot water on your feet without checking the temperature

Smooth Corns and Calluses Gently

  • If you have corns and calluses, check with your doctor or podiatrist about the best way to care for them.
  • Do not cut corns and calluses. Don’t use razor blades, corn plasters, or liquid corn and callus removers they can damage your skin.

Keep The Blood Flowing To Your Feet

  • Do not wear tight socks, elastic or rubber bands, around your legs.
  • Do not smoke. Smoking reduces blood flow to your feet. Ask for help to stop smoking.

Trim Your Toenails Each Week or When Needed

  • If you can see and reach your toenails, trim them with clippers after you wash and dry your feet.
  • Trim toenails straight across and smoothen them with an emery board or nail file.
  • Do not cut into the corners of the toenail.
  • If you cannot reach your feet, if your toenails are thick or yellowed, or if your nails curve and grow into the skin come consult our foot clinic.

Wear Shoes and Socks At All Times

  • Wear foot wear and socks at all times. Do not walk barefoot not even indoors because it is easy to step on something and hurt your feet
  • Always wear socks, stockings, with your shoes to help avoid blisters and sores
  • Choose clean, lightly padded socks that fit well. Socks that have no seams are best
  • Check the inside of your shoes before you put them on to be sure the lining is smooth and that there are no objects in them. Wear shoes that fit well and protect your feet

Protect Your Feet From Hot and Cold

  • Wear shoes while walking on hot pavement
  • Keep your feet away from open fires. Do not put hot water bottles or heating pads on your feet
  • Wear socks at night if your feet gets cold
  • Check your feet often in cold weather to avoid frostbite

Be More Active

  • Plan a daily activity program that is right for your.
  • Walking, swimming, and bicycling are good forms of exercise that are easy on the feet.
  • Avoid activities that are hard on the feet, such as running and jumping.
  • Always include a short warm-up and cool-down period.
  • Wear athletic shoes that fit well and that provide good support.
Be Sure to Ask Your Health Care Team to
  • Tell you if you are likely to have serious foot problems. if you have serious foot problems, your feet should be checked at every visit to your doctor.
  • Check the sense of feeling and pulses in your feet at least once a year.
  • Decide if special shoes would help your feet stay healthy.

Get Started Now

  • Begin taking good care of your feet today.
  • Set a time every day to check your feet.

Tips for Proper Footwear

  • Proper footwear is very important for preventing serious foot problems. Athletic or walking shoes are good for daily wear. They support your feet and allow them to “Breathe.”
  • Never wear Vinyl or Plastic shoes
  • When buying shoes, make sure they are comfortable from the start and have enough room for your toes.
  • Don’t buy shoes with pointed toes or high heels.
  • Select your shoe size preferably in the evening.

Check with your Doctor

  • Visit the vascular centre clinics to find the best diabetic foot specialist in Bangalore right away if you find a cut, sore, blister, or bruise on your foot that does not begin to heal.
  • If you get pain in your leg while walking
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